Genesis 1:3 makes an interesting statement that is difficult to understand. “And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.” It goes on to state In Genesis 1:5 this was the first day. However, the sun was not created until the fourth day. One explanation says this was the spirit of God; Genesis 1:2 says; “And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”
Comparing the words “light” and “spirit” we find this. The word light in Strong’s Hebrew Lexicon reads; “‘owr ore from 215; illumination or (concrete) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.):–bright, clear, + day, light (-ning), morning, sun,” Compared with the word spirit Strong’s 7307 reads; “ruwach roo’-akh from 7306; wind; by resemblance breath, i.e. life, rational being.” It is clear there is no relation between the two words. In fact, the first five references to (light 216); Genesis 1:3-5 are all the same word. “3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. 5 And God called the light Day….” Furthermore Genesis 1:14-19 makes reference to the word light no less than eight times. Genesis 1:16 mention two great lights; the sun and moon, referenced as 3974 as “ma’owr; from 215; properly, a luminous body or luminary.” All these references about light in Genesis 1:3-18 make it clear this light is physical not spiritual.
Until the fourth day when the sun and moon were created, God instituted the twenty four seven week no later than Genesis 1:4; “And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness”, without the sun and moon to distinguish one day from the next. This in itself is an immutable law ordained by God that the Bible teaches cannot be changed by any human authority. So what does scripture mean by, “And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.” What light was God looking at if not the light from the sun or any other celestial bodies in the heaven, nor the spirit that moved upon the face of the water?
Look again at Genesis 1:1-3. We find some remarkable things happening here.
In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
Apparently God created light, but how are we to understand this? The first two things God created was the heaven and the earth. These two are but two of three parts that constitute creation. At first glance, it may appear God created the celestial bodies we see in the universe when is states, “God created the heaven, but this word heaven has a broader meaning. The translation for heaven in verse one in the Hebrew is shamayim from 8064; “alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve.’ There can be no doubt the heaven is the expanse or the “fabric” of space which was the first thing God created; it did not include any matter as of yet. Next, the word for earth in Hebrew is erets from 776; “the earth, field, ground, wilderness, world,” which is the second part of creation (matter). These first two components space and earth (matter) were two thirds of the whole. Although God created the earth (matter) it was unorganized; “And the earth was without form, and void.” At this point in time “matter” had no meaningful structure.
The third part is energy (light). Space, matter and energy are the basic components of the atom, and constitute the building blocks of the universe. Remember what Genesis 1:3 said; “And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.” This light God brought into existence is in fact the entire electromagnetic spectrum. It is easy to simplify the word Light in verse three as referring to the visible light we see. However, light has a broader spectrum than just the visible light we see. There are seven spectra that make up light; they are: Gamma rays, X rays, ultraviolet, visible light, infrared, microwaves and radio waves. Although only visible light can be seen, the other six spectra are nonetheless part of “light” (energy) created by God. Now we have three distinct parts; space, matter and light – the atom.
Looking at Genesis 1:1-3 again it is astonishing to see the very creative hand of God at work that reveals the accuracy of creation detailed for us right from the start; “In the beginning God created the heaven (space) and the earth (matter). And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: (energy) and there was light.” Everything in the universe is built from atoms, and in Genesis 1:6 we read the astounding account of creation week; “And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” The word firmament, Strong’s 7549 states, “raqiya` raw-kee’-ah from 7554; properly, an expanse, i.e. the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky:–firmament.” It was not until the second day of creation that God created a structure having form using atoms, and He began by creating the firmament; “the evening and the morning were the second day.” (Genesis 1:8).
From Genesis 1:8 – 2:4 we are given a full account about creation. Over the centuries God has endowed many men and women with the abilities to uncover and revealed to us through science (knowledge) that which confirms the accuracy of creation. God’s people need only to put their faith in the word of God, and let their light so shine before men. (Matthew 5:16). rja
1. All Scripture is from the King James Version.
2. Strong’s Concordance with Hebrew and Greek Lexicon.
3. The Evidence for Creation. Examining the Origin of Planet Earth. I. THE CREATION MODEL, 3. THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF CREATION, P.15-16. G.S. McLean, Roger Oakland, Larry McLean. 4th Edition. 1995.